HAK ASASI MANUSIA DALAM ISLAM

laila rahmawati

Abstract


This article tries to describe the concept of Human Rights in the West and the response of   Islam to them. In its history, it was Magna Charta   in England that initiated the formulation of Human Rights in the West in 1512. Then It was followed by The Bill of right in 1689; The American Declaration of Independence in 1776; and The French Declaration in 1789 that resulted in The rule of law.  Human Rights entered a new phase after The United Nations had declared the International Human Rights in

1984, that is The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. From that time on, Human Rights has become a global issue, continually discussed and responded to by many including Muslim scholars. In the West, the concept of Human Right is based merely on human values (anthropocentric) so that the responsibility is restricted to human beings.  Based  on  this,  this concept  is  different from  Islamic  concept  on  Human  Rights  because  the former is based on secular values  while the later is based on human values and divine values. Normatively, the idea of Human Rights is relevant to Islamic idea. The reason is that, based on their fitrah as creatures, human beings extremely expect the maintenance of their main needs (Al- umur al-Daruriyyah). Therefore, Human Rights are suitable with the purpose of syari’ah (maqasid al-Syari), that is to maintain religion, reason, heredity dan property.


Keywords


Islam, Hak Asasi Manusia

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23971/tf.v1i2.835

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