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Author Guidelines

1. Journal on English as a Foreign Language (JEFL) welcomes research-based papers touching the ground of English language teaching and learning with insights from applied linguistics, literature, and related academic disciplines, which have not been published or are under consideration elsewhere.

2. Manuscript must be sent through JEFL online system (OJS) available at Guidelines for access to JEFL online can be downloaded here.

3. Checklist for JEFL article contributor (DOWNLOADABLE here) must be emailed to while you are submitting manuscript via JEFL Online System (OJS).

4. Articles will be reviewed by subject reviewers, while the editors reserve the right to edit articles for format consistency without altering the substance;

5. JEFL is an open access international journal. Every article submitted to the journal editor is free of charge (free - no page charge) including free article processing fees.

6. Manuscripts should be typed in MS Word doc. format; using 12-pt Palatino Linotype font; left, right, top, and buttom margins are 3 cm; single-spaced on A4-sized paper; 12-20 pages in length or 5000-7000 words in English (excluding References); containing the importance of the topic, the gap between theory and practice or between reality and expectation, or lacks of studies, objectives of the present study, method, findings, and conclusion.

7. Article must follow the ARTICLE TEMPLATE which should contain: (a) Title, which must be consice and informative; (b) Full name of contributor(s) without academic title(s), email address written below the name, affiliation and affiliation address; (c) Abstract (maximum 200 words), clear and informative, which should contain the purpose, methodology, and findings of the study; (d) 3-5 Keywords, which are well selected and closely related to the topic; (e) Introduction without heading, which includes review of related literature and research purpose in essay style; (f) Method; (g) Findings; (h) Discussion; (i) Conclusion (and Suggestion); (j) References; and (k) Appendix, if any. (Sample of the article can be downloaded here).

8. The title of paper should not exceed 12 words, bold, centered, with Palatino Linotype 14 font.

9. An abstract not exceeding 200 words, in one paragraph, in Palatino Linotype 12, line spacing 1, and with no references, must appear on the top of the first page after the title of paper, the name of author, the author’s email, the author’s affiliation, and the affiliation address.

10. The abstract should be clear and informative. It should contain the purpose, methodology, and findings of the research. Keywords must be well selected and closely related to the topic to facilitate reader’s search; it must be 3-5 keywords. Next, “How to cite this paper” and "DOI" are placed below the keywords.

11. The introduction should clearly state the purpose of the paper. It should include key references to appropriate work, and it should state the significant contribution of the research. All introductions should be presented in the forms of paragraphs, not pointers, with the proportion of 15-20% of the whole article length.

12. The method section consists of description concerning the research design, the population and sample or the subjects of the research, data sources, data collection, and data analysis with the proportion of 10-15% of the total article length, all presented in the form of paragraphs.

13. The findings and discussion section consist of description of the results of the data analysis to answer the research question(s) and their meanings seen from current theories and references of the area addressed. The proportion of this section is 40-60% of the total article length.

14. The conclusion section consists of the summary, restatement of  the main findings. It should state concisely the most important propositions of the paper as well as the author’s views of the practical implications of the result. Also, the suggestion can be stated in this section following the conclusion. The suggestion should be based on the findings, discussion, and conclusion.

15. The placement of the Figure is in the middle with the caption below is written in Palatino Linotype 11 font. The caption has to mention the title and the source of the picture.

16. The table must be typed, and consecutively numbered. The title is written above the table in Palatino Linotype 11 font, while the source is placed below the table in the same font.

17. Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.

18. The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles and research reports, including thesis and dissertation. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.

19. Subheading system (except for the introduction):


     Level Two:        Capitals-lowercase, Bold, Left Justification

     Level Three:       Capitals-lowercase, Italic-bold, Left Justification


20. Quotation and references follow American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition style. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th Edition, is DOWNLOADABLE here.

21. It is suggested to use Reference Management Software, ZOTERO ( that can be DOWNLOADED here.

22. References should be presented alphabetically and chronologically and be set to 12-pt Palatino Linotype font, justified, with a single line spacing and hanging indent.

See below for examples:


In-text Citations:


Author: 1 person

Richards (2001, p. 56) states ……

Curriculum in language teaching should …. (Richards, 2001, p. 56).


Authors: 2 people

Taylor and Bogdan (1984, p. 8) suggest …..

Qualitative research methods should…... (Taylor & Bogdan, 1984, p. 18).


Authors: 3-5 people

Roe, Stoodt, and Burns (1995, p. 15) suggest that ……..

In the midst of drafting a paper, peer ….. (Roe, Stoodt, & Burns, 1995, p. 15).

In the next citations will be:

Roe et al. (1995, p. 15) suggest that ……..

In the midst of drafting a paper, peer ….. (Roe et al., 1995, p. 15).


Authors: 6 people more

Davies et al. (2011, p. 279) state …..

A needs analysis from ........ (Davies et al., 2011, p. 279).


List of References:

Adinlou, N. A., & Far, L. M. (2014). The relationship of self-efficacy beliefs, writing strategies, and the correct use of conjunctions in Iranian EFL learners. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 3(4), 221-227. doi:

Davies, Y., Mishima, T., Yokomuro, S., Arima, Y., Kawahigashi, Y., Shigehara, K., … Takizawa, T. (2011). Developing health information literacy: A needs analysis from the perspective of preprofessional health students. Journal of the Medical Library Association. 100(4), 277–283. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.100.4.009

Hashemnejad, F., Zoghi, M., & Amini, D. (2014).The relationship between self-efficacy and writing performance across genders. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(5), 1045-1052. doi:10.4304/tpls.4.5.1045-1052

Nashruddin, W. (2013). Why muslim students plagiarize in writing English texts? Journal on English as a Foreign Language, 3(2), 93-103. doi:

Richards, J. C. (2001). Curriculum development in language teaching. New York: Cambridge.

Roe, B. D., Stoodt, B. D., & Burns, P. C. (1995). Secondary school reading instruction: The content areas (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Taylor, S., & Bogdan, R. (1984). Introduction to qualitative research methods: The search for meanings (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.


23. Author’s Brief CV is written bellow the references. The biographical notes (narrative biodata) should be written and maximum 50 words per author.

24. Articles must be checked in terms of grammar, structure, spelling, etc. It is suggested to use Grammar Checker Software such as GRAMMARLY ( that can be DOWNLOADED here, etc.



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