M. Zaini Miftah


The study is aimed at developing the implementation of Writing Process Approach (WPA) to enhance the students’ skill in writing essay. The study employed Classroom Action Research. The subjects of the study were 15 university students enrolled in the writing class. The data were gained from writing task, observation and field notes. The findings show that the implementation of WPA with the proper model procedures developed can enhance the students’ skill in writing essay. Before the strategy was implemented, the percentage of the students achieving the score greater than or equal to C (56-70) was 40.00% (6 students of the class). However, after the strategy was implemented in Cycle I, it enhanced enough to 60.00% (9 students of the class), but this result did not meet the criteria of success set up in the study. Next, in Cycle II it increased slightly to 86.67% (13 students of the class). Thus, the enhancement of the students’ skill in writing essay can be reached but it should follow the proper model procedures of the implementation of WPA developed.

Keywords: writing process approach, writing skill, essay writing

Full Text:



Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (2nd ed.). New York: Addison Wesley Longman Inc.

Christenson, T.A. (2002). Supporting Struggling Writers in the Elementary Classroom. New York: The International Reading Association.

Cohen, A.D. (1994). Assessing Language Ability in the Classroom (2nd ed.). Boston: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.

Dixon, C.N. & Nessel, D. (1983). Language Experience Approach to Reading (Writing). London: Prentice-Hall.

Djiwandono, M. S. (2008). Tes Bahasa: Pegangan bagi Pengajar Bahasa. Jakarta: PT Indeks.

Gebhard, J.G. (2000). Teaching English as a Foreign or Second Language: A Teacher Self-Development and Methodology Guide. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Glencoe. (2001). Writer's Choice: Grammar and Composition Grade 6. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Kemmis, S. & McTaggart, R. (1992). The Action Research Planner (3rd ed.). Victoria: Deakin University Press.

Leki, I. (1991). Twenty Years of Constructive Rhetoric: Text Analysis and Writing Pedagogies. TESOL Quarterly, 25(1), 123-43.

Mukminatien, N. (1991). Making a Writing Class Interesting. TEFLIN Journal: An EFL Journal in Indonesia, 4(2).

Ndanguru, H. (2008). The Implementation of Process-Writing Approach to Improve the Writing Ability of the Second Year Students of MTsN Lakudo. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: State University of Malang.

Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston, Massachusetts: Heinle & Heinle.

O’Malley, J.M. & Pierce, L.V. (1996). Authentic Assessment for English Language Learners. Practical Approaches for teachers. Massachusetts: Addison - Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.

Onukwugha, U. (2007). The Four Cardinal Points of Any Good Writing: Expression, Content, Organization & Technical Accuracy. Ezine Articles.com. 28 Sep 2008: http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Four-Cardinal-Points-of-Any-Good-Writing:- (Accessed 2008, September 29th).

Raimes, A. (1983). Techniques in Teaching Writing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Roe, B.D., Stoodt, B.D. & Burns, P.C. (1995). Secondary School Reading Instruction: The Content Areas (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Smalley, R.L., Reutten, M.K. & Rishel, O. (2001). Refining Composition Skills: Rhetoric and Grammar for ESL Students. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Stone, J.M. (1990). Cooperative Learning and Language Arts: A Multi-Structural Approach. California: Resources for Teachers.

Tompkins, G.E. & Hoskisson, K. (1995). Language Arts: Content and Teaching Strategies. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Tompkins, G.E. (1994). Teaching Writing: Balancing Process and Product. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Vacca, R.T. & Vacca, J.A.L. (1999). Content Area Reading: Literacy and Learning across the Curriculum (6th ed.). Boston: Addison-Weley Educational Publishers Inc.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23971/jefl.v5i1.88


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editor and Administration Address:

IAIN (State Islamic Institute) Palangka Raya, Indonesia

Jl. G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: jefl@iain-palangkaraya.ac.id, Website: http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl

Creative Commons License
JEFL by JEFL is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl.

stats View My Stats

Flag Counter