FOSTERING STUDENTS’ CRITICAL THINKING BY PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

Pryla Rochmahwati

Abstract


This research focused on fostering students’ critical thinking through Project-Based Learning. The design of the research was descriptive qualitative method. The subjects were the lecturer of TEFL 1 course and 25 students in C class of the fourth semester of STAIN Ponorogo who took TEFL 1 course. The instruments used are in the form of observation sheet and interview guideline. The data analysis applied in this research used data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The findings showed that the implementation Project-Based Learning that fosters the students’ critical thinking in TEFL class are through the following steps: (1) Discussing the materials about English Language Teaching Method, (2) working with the group to construct scenario of teaching practice, (3) practicing the scenario, (4) recording the teaching practice into video, and (5) evaluating the video product. Moreover, the result of interview indicates that the students showed significantly positive attitude toward the implementation of Project-Based Learning. Finally, English teachers are recommended to implement Project-Based Learning in EFL class since it facilitates the students to build their critical thinking.

Keywords: critical thinking, Project-Based Learning


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bas, G. (2011). Investigating the Effects of Project-Based Learning on Students’ Academic Achievement and Attitudes towards English Lesson. The Online Journal of New Horizons In Education, 1(4).

Beyer, B.K. (1985). Critical thinking: What is it?, Social Education, 49, 270-276.

Bogdan, R.C. & Biklen, S.K. (1998). Qualitative Research in Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Doppelt, Y. (2003). Implementation and Assessment of Project-Based Learning in a Flexible Environment. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 13, 255–272.

Fahim, M. & Sa’eepour, M. (2011). The Impact of Teaching Critical Thinking Skills on Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(4), 867-874.

Fisher, A. (2001). Critical Thinking: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grant, M. (2006). Getting a Grip on Project-based Learning: Theory, cases and recommendations. Meridian, 5(1), 1-3 (Online). Retrieved July 12, 2006, from http://www.ncsu.edu/meridian/win2002/514/3.html.

Halvorsen, A. (2014). Incorporating Critical Thinking Skills Development into ESL/EFL Courses. Internet TESL Journal, 11(3) (Online). Retrieved April 14, 2014 from http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Halvorsen CriticalThinking.html.

Hamed, C.J.A. (1979). Microteaching Model for Use in Methods Classes. Business Education Forum.

Helm, J.H. & Katz. L.G. (2001). Young Investigators: The Project Approach in the Early Years. New York: Lecturers College Press.

MacKnight, C. (2000). Teaching critical thinking through online discussions. Educause Quarterly, 4, 38-41(Online). Retrieved July 12, 2006, from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/EQM0048.pdf

Miles, M.B. & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Beverly Hills: SAGE Publication Inc.

Perkins, D.N. (2006). What constructivism demands of the learner. Educational Technology, 31, 18-23, (Online). Retrieved July 28, 2006 from http://www.ncsu.edu/meridian/win2002 /514/index.html.

Piaget, J. (1969). Science of Education and the Psychology of the Child (Online), Retrieved July 28, 2006 from http://www.ncsu.edu/meridian/win2002/514/index.html.

Popovich, N.G. & Katz, N.L. (2009). A microteaching exercise to develop performance based abilities in pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73(4), 73.

Thomas, J.W. (2014). A Review of Research on Project-Based Learning. (Online) Retrieved on May 18, 2014, from http://www.autodesk.com/foundation,

Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.

Westwood, P.S. (2008). What Lecturers Need to Know about Teaching Methods. Victoria: Acer Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23971/jefl.v5i1.90

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Editor and Administration Address:

IAIN (State Islamic Institute) Palangka Raya, Indonesia

Jl. G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: jefl@iain-palangkaraya.ac.id, Website: http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl



Creative Commons License
JEFL by JEFL is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl.

web
stats View My Stats


Flag Counter