Amfibi sebagai model untuk mengembangkan media dan alat peraga pembelajaran sains

Muhammad Syazali, Nurwahidah Nurwahidah, Ketut Sri Kusuma Wardani, Muhammad Erfan, Nursaptini Nursaptini


Tujuan dari studi ini adalah menganalisis potensi amfibi sebagai model untuk pengembangan media dan alat peraga pembelajaran sains sekolah dasar (SD). Analisis potensi dilakukan dengan mensinkronisasi aspek-aspek sains amfibi dan sains SD menggunakan metode komparatif. Aspek sains amfibi diperoleh melalui hasil review dokumen, sedangkan aspek sains SD mengacu pada permendikbud No. 37 Tahun 2018. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa amfibi memiliki potensi sebagai model untuk mengembangkan media dan alat peraga pembelajaran sains SD. Untuk kelas IV, pemanfaatan amfibi sebagai model dapat dilakukan pada KD 3.1, KD 3.2, dan KD 3.8. Di kelas V, terdapat 6 KD pengetahuan yang dapat memanfaatkan amfibi yaitu KD 3.1 – KD 3.5, dan KD 3.8. Adapun untuk di kelas VI, terdapat KD 3.1 dan KD 3.3 yang sesuai untuk menjadikan amfibi sebagai model dalam pembelajaran sains SD.


amfibi; sains SD; standar isi

Full Text:


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1867 times | PDF view : 9505 times


Akinyemi, A. F., & Ogaga, R. D. (2015). Frog consumption pattern in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal for Studies in Management and Planning, 01(03), 522–531.

Altig, R. (2007). A primer for the morphology of anuran tadpoles. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 2(1), 71–74.

Anisa, A. (2017). Meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis peserta didik melalui pembelajaran IPA berbasis potensi lokal Jepara. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 3(1), 1–11.

Aryani, I. (2018). Efektivitas Penggunaan Modul Praktikum Sistematika Vertebrata pada Materi Classis Amphibia di Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta Effectiveness of Vertebrate Systematics Practical Module use on Classical Amphibia Material i. Proceeding Biology Education Conference, 15, 592–596.

Băncilă, R. I., Cogălniceanu, D., Ozgul, A., & Schmidt, B. R. (2017). The effect of aquatic and terrestrial habitat characteristics on occurrence and breeding probability in a montane amphibian: insights from a spatially explicit multistate occupancy model. Population Ecology, 59(1), 71–78.

Boyer, R., & Grue, C. E. (1994). The need for water quality criteria for rrogs. In Environmental Health Perspectives.

Brannelly, L. A., Ohmer, M. E. B., Saenz, V., & Zawacki, C. L. R. (2019). Effects of hydroperiod on growth, development, survival and immune defences in a temperate amphibian. Functional Ecology, 1–10.

Brattstrom, B. H. (1963). A preliminary review of the thermal requirements of amphibian. Ecology, 44, 238–255.

Chang, Y., Wu, C., Huang, Y., Sung, S., & Hwang, W. (2016). Occurrence and reproduction of anurans in brackish water in a coastal windbreak forest in Taiwan. Herpetology Notes, 9, 291–295.

Churchill, T. . A., & Storey, B. K. (2009). Dehydration tolerance in wood frogs : a new perspective on development of amphibian freeze tolerance. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 265, 1324–1332.

Chylenska, Z. A., & Rybska, E. (2019). What can we do for amphibians and reptiles at change and students’ pro-environmental attitudes. ANimals, 478(9), 1–22.

da Silva, F. R., Almeida-Neto, M., do Prado, V. H. M., Haddad, C. F. B., & de Cerqueira Rossa-Feres, D. (2012). Humidity levels drive reproductive modes and phylogenetic diversity of amphibians in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Journal of Biogeography, 39(9), 1720–1732.

Darst, C. R., Mene, P. A., Coloma, L. A., & Cannatella, D. C. (2005). Evolution of dietary specialization and chemical defense in Poison Frogs (Dendrobatidae): A comparative analysis. The American Naturalist, 165(1).

de Andrade, D. V., Bevier, C. R., & Carvalho, J. E. (2016). Amphibian and Reptile Adaptations to the Environment; Interplay beetween Physiology and Behavior. London: CRC Press.

Demarchi, J. A., Britton, A., O’Donnell, K., & Saporito, R. A. (2018). Behavioural preference for low levels of UV-B radiation in two neotropical frog species from Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 34(5), 336–340.

Dubois, A., & Ohler, A. (1999). Asian & Oriental toads of the Bufo melanosticus, Bufo scaber and Bufo stejnegeri groups (Amphibia, Anura): a list availabel and valid names and redescreption of some name-bearing types. J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4(2), 133–180.

Eakin, C. J., Calhoun, A. J. K., & Hunter, M. L. (2019). EffEcts of suburbanizing landscapEs on reproductive effort of vernaL pool-breeding amphibians. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 14(2), 515–532.

Ecrement, S. M., & Richter, S. C. (2017). Amphibian use of wetlands created by military activity in Kisatchie National Forest, Louisiana. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 12(2), 321–333.

EncyclopaediaBritanica. (2011). Fish and Amphibians. In Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (Vol. 8, Issue 9). London: Britanica Illustrated Science Library.

Fadel, R. M., Thaler, R., Folly, H., Galvão, C., Hoffmann, M., Alves, L., Santana, D. J., & Mângia, S. (2019). Predation of anurans across multiple life stages in an Amazon – Cerrado transitional zone. Herpetology Notes, 12, 895–899.

Funk, W. C., Zamudio, K. R., & Crawford, A. J. (2018). Advancing Understanding of Amphibian Evolution, Ecology, Behavio , and Conservation with Massively Parallel Sequencing. Springer International Publishing, 1–44.

Greenstein, L. (2012). Assessing 21st Century Skills. A Guide to Evaluating Mastery and Authentic Learning. United State of America: SAGE Publication.

Hagman, M., & Forsman, A. (2003). Correlated evolution of conspicuous coloration and body size in Poison Frogs (dendrobatidae). Evolution, 57(12), 2904–2910.

Hartel, T., Scheele, B. C., Rozylowicz, L., Horcea-Milcu, A., & Cogălniceanu, D. (2020). The social context for conservation: Amphibians in human shaped landscapes with high nature values. Journal for Nature Conservation, 53, 1–9.

Hocking, D. J., & Babbitt, K. J. (2014). Amphibian contributions to ecosystem services. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 9(1), 1–17.

Homola, J. J., Loftin, C. S., & Kinnison, M. T. (2019). Landscape genetics reveals unique and shared effects of urbanization for two sympatric pool ‐ breeding amphibians. Ecology and Evolution, 9, 11799–11823.

Huang, C., & Hou, P. L. (2004). Density and diversity of litter amphibians in a Monsoon Forest of Southern Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 43(4), 795–802.

Imasuen, A. A., & Enabulele, E. E. (2019). Preys of Two Arboreal Frogs : Chiromantis rufescens and Leptopelis spiritusnoctis in Okomu National Park , Nigeria. African Scientist, 20(1), 27–31.

Iskandar, D. T. (1998). The Amphibians of Java and Bali. Jakarta: Research and Development Centre for Biology-LIPI.

Iskandar, D. T., Evans, B. J., & McGuire, J. A. (2014). A Novel Reproductive Mode in Frogs: A new species of fanged frog with internal fertilization and birth of tadpoles. PLOS ONE, 9(12), 1–14.

Iskandar, D. T., & Mumpuni. (2004). Limnonectes kadarsani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Jacobson, B., Cedeno-Vazquez, J. R., Espinoza-Avalos, J., & Gonzalez-Solis, D. (2019). The effect of diet on growth and metamorphosis of Triprion petasatus (anura: hylidae) tadpoles. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 14(2), 308–324.

José, D., Capela, V., Struett, M. M., & Leivas, P. T. (2020). Predation attempt of Rhinella ornata (Spix , 1824) (Anura, Bufonidae ) by Leptodactylus cf. latrans (Anura, Leptodactylidae) in the Atlantic Forest , Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 13, 11–13.

Jufri, A. W. (2013). Belajar dan Pembelajaran Sains. Bandung: Pustaka Reka Cipta.

Kloh, J. S., Figueredo, C. C., & Eterovick, P. C. (2018). You are what, where, and when you eat: seasonal and ontogenetic changes in a tropical tadpole’s diet. Amphibia-Reptilia, 39, 445–456.

Kusrini, M. D., & Alford, R. A. (2006). Indonesia’s exports of frogs’ legs. TRAFFIC Bulletin, 21(1), 13–24.

Magee, R. (2019). Effects of Leaf Litter on Amphibian Site Selection. Lousiana Tech University.

Manik, T. K., Rosadi, R. B., & Karyanto, A. (2012). Evaluasi metode Penman-Monteith dalam menduga laju Evaporasi Standar (ET0) di dataran rendah Propinsi Lampung, Indonesia. Jurnal Agroteknologi, 26(2), 121–128.

Marín-Martínez, M., Cárdenas-Ortega, M. S., Herrera-Lopera, J. M., & Rojas-Moralez, J. (2019). Diet of the yellow striped poison frog, Dendrobates truncatus (Cope, 1861) (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from the Middle Magdalena river valley, Colombia. Herpetology Notes, 12, 1185–1191.

Matsui, M., Hamidy, A., & Eto, K. (2013). Description of a new species of Microhyla from Bali, Indonesia (Amphibia, Anura). Zootaxa, 3670(4), 579–590.

Onadeko, A. B. (2016). Distribution, diversity and abundance of anuran species in three different vegetation habitats in Southwestern Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management, 9(1), 22–34.

Onadeko, A. B., Egonmwan, R. I., & Saliu, J. K. (2011). Edible amphibian species: Local knowledge of their konsumption in Southwest Nigeria and their nutritional value. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 67–76.

Permendikbud. (2018). Permendikbud RI Nomor 37 Tahun 2018 tentang Perubahan atas Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 24 Tahun 2016 tentang Kompetensi Inti dan Kompetensi Dasar Pelajaran pada Kurikumlum 2013 pada Pendidikan Dasar dan Pendidikan Menengah (No. 37). Salinan Permendikbud.

Purkayastha, J., & Matsui, M. (2012). A New species of Fejervarya (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from Mawphlang, Northeastern India. Asian Herpetological Research, 3(1), 31–37.

Rathanayaka, R. R. P. Y. K., & Rajakaruna, R. S. (2018). Cocktail effect of Profenophos and Abamectin on tadpoles of Asian Common Toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus). Ceylon Journal of Science, 47(2), 185–194.

Roberto, I. J., & Souza, A. R. (2020). Review of prey items recorded for snakes of the genus Chironius (Squamata , Colubridae), including the first record of Osteocephalus as prey. Herpetology Notes, 13, 1–5.

Saber, S., Tito, W., Said, R., Mengistou, S., & Alqahtani, A. (2017). Amphibians as Bioindicators of the Health of Some Wetlands in Ethiopia. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 66, 66–73.

Sandberger-Loua, L., Feldhaar, H., Jehle, R., & Rödel, M. O. (2016). Multiple paternity in a viviparous toad with internal fertilisation. Science of Nature, 103(7), 1–24.

Santos, D., & Maria, M. (2018). The Role of Education in Amphibian Conservation [University of Otago].

Sari, D. P., Suwarno, & Harlita. (2018). Eksperimentasi skeleton vertebrata dengan metode inouye (Alizarin Red S dan Alcian Blue Method). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi, 929–934.

Satria, A., Hamidah, A., & Yelianti, U. (2019). Development of Magic Disc on animal taxonomy material for student of Senior High School. Biodik: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi, 5(3), 239–249.

Savitri, W. E., & Faizah, U. (2019). Pengembangan kartu soliver (solitaire-vertebrata) materi vertebrata untuk melatihkan keterampilan proses sains dasar siswa kelas X SMA. BioEdu: Berkala Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 95–104.

Septian, I. G. N. (2016). Keanekaragaman Amphibia (Ordo Anura) dan Preferensi Makanan Dua Spesies Limnonectes (L. kadarsani dan L. dammermani) di Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani Lombok. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Setiyadi, D., Khoirunnisa, M., & Rofiah, S. (2019). Pembelajaran interaktif dasar pengelompokan hewan dengan metode computer based intruction. PIKSEL : Penelitian Ilmu Komputer Sistem Embedded and Logic, 7(1), 13–22.

Sherratt, T. N., & Harvey, I. F. (1989). Predation by larva of Pantala plavescens (Odonata) on tadpoles of Phyllomedusa pustulosus: The influences of absolute and relative density of prey on predator choice. Oikos, 56, 170–176.

Smith, G. R., & Harmon, J. J. (2019). Differential oviposition and offspring success of gray treefrogs in the presence of an invasive fi sh. Ecosphere, 10(2), 1–9.

Suarjana, I. M., Riastini, N. N. P., & Pustika, I. G. N. Y. (2017). Penerapan pendekatan kontekstual berbantuan media konkret untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar. International Journal of Elementary Education, 1(2), 103–114.

Sualeman, N. F., Nuryadin, A. Widyastuti, R., & Subagyo, L. 2020. Air quality index and the urgency of environmental education in Kalimantan. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(3), 371-383.

Suryadi, D. (2010). Didactical Design Research (DDR) dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Matematika. Seminar Nasional Pembelajaran MIPA, November, 1–75.

Syazali, M., Idrus, A. Al, & Hadiprayitno, G. (2017). Analisis Multivariat dari Faktor Lingkungan yang Berpengaruh terhadap Struktur Komunitas Amfibi di Pulau Lombok. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 10(2), 68–75.

Syazali, M., Idrus, A. Al, & Hadiprayitno, G. (2018). Amfibi Pulau Lombok. Yogyakarta: Bening Pustaka.

Syazali, M., Idrus, A. Al, & Hadiprayitno, G. (2019). Habitat characteristic and conservation of amphibians in Lombok Island. Biota: Jurnal Biologi Dan Pendidikan Biologi, 12(2), 98–107.

Szuroczki, D., & Richardson, J. M. L. (2018). The behavioral response of larval amphibians (Ranidae) to threats from predators and parasites. PLoS ONE, 13(8), 10–11.

Wang, S., Zeng, X., Yang, Q., & Qiao, S. (2016). Antimicrobial peptides as potential alternatives to antibiotics in food animal industry. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(5), 1–12.

Watanabe, S., Nia, N., & Izawa, M. (2005). Seasonal abundance in the floor dwelling frog fauna on Iriomote Island of the Ryuku Archipelago, Japan. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 21(1), 85–91.

West, J. (2018). Importance of Amphibians : A Synthesis of Their Environmental Functions , Benefits to Humans , and Need for Conservation. Bridgewater State University.

Wulandari, D. R., Ibrohim, M. H., & Listyorini, D. (2013). The Observation of frog species at State University of Malang as a preliminary effort on frog conservation. The Journal of Tropical Life Science, 3(1), 43–47.

Wünschmann, S., Wüst-Ackermann, P., Randler, C., Vollmer, C., & Itzek-Greulich, H. (2017). Learning achievement and motivation in an out-of-school setting—visiting amphibians and reptiles in a Zoo is more effective than a lesson at school. Research in Science Education, 47, 497–518.

Zug, G. R., & Kaiser, H. (2014). A new species of four-toed skink (Squamata : Scincidae : Carlia peronii species group) from Pulau Sukur, Indonesia, and biogeographic notes on the herpetofauna of Flores and Komodo. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 126(4), 379–392.

Zug, G. R., Vitt, L. J., & Caldwell, J. P. (2001). Herpetology: An introductory biology of amphibians and reptiles (second edi). Academic Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Contact Person:

Luvia Ranggi Nastiti (Can't talk, WhatsApp only +62 811520115)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.