Infographics and independent learning for English learning in the secondary level context

Fiorentina Dewantari, I Gusti Ayu Lokita Purnamika Utami, Made Hery Santosa


Visual media are still ineffective in covering all learning focus and learning activities to support independent learning. Independent learning guides students to learn the material by themselves, but it is still not supported by the existing visual media. Infographics are a medium that underlies transformative skills in teaching because they can provide a complete learning focus in each material. This study was aimed at developing English teaching media for the 9th grade. A Design and Development research (DnD) proposed by Richey and Klein (2005) was used in this study, including design, development, and evaluation. Initial observations have been carried out at one of the junior high schools in Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia. Data collection was carried out by library research relating to the development of infographics and the nature of independent learning, document analysis by doing syllabus analysis, and expert judgment. The results obtained from the research are infographics are considered to be very good as a medium for teaching English for independent learning. This research implies that teachers' technology-based teaching skills can be assisted by developing this infographic teaching media.


English teaching media; independent learning; infographic development; infographic media; visual media

Full Text:


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 167 times | PDF view : 61 times


Agung, A. A. G. (2012). Evaluasi pendidikan [Education evaluation]. Singaraja: Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Negeri Singaraja.

Alqudah, D., Bin Bidin, A., & Bin Md Hussin, M. A. H. (2019). The impact of educational infographic on students’ interaction and perception in Jordanian higher education: experimental study. International Journal of Instruction, 12(4), 669–688.

Alyahya, D. (2019). Infographics as a learning tool in higher education: the design process and perception of an instructional designer. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18(1), 1–15.

Bicen, H., & Beheshti, M. (2017). The psychological impact of infographics in education. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 8(4), 99–108. Retrieved from

Burg, C. (2018). Finnish education in the 21st century: paradoxes and visions. I.E.: Inquiry in Education, 10(1), 8.

Dunlap, J. C., & Lowenthal, P. R. (2016). Getting graphic about infographics: design lessons learned from popular infographics. Journal of Visual Literacy, 35(1), 42–59.

Findawati, Y., & Suprianto. (2014). Bahan ajar multimedia interaktif kewirausahaan SMK menggunakan model pembelajaran problem based learning [Interactive multimedia teaching materials for SMK entrepreneurship use a problem based learning model]. JNTETI, 3(4), 257–263. Retrieved from

Harvey, V. S., & Chickie-Wolfe, L. A. (2007). Fostering independent learning: practical strategies to promote student success. In Guilford Publications, Inc.

Ketut, N., Suasti, A., Artini, L. P., Piscayanthi, K. S. (2018). The effect of peer feedback techniques on the writing achievement at eleventh grade students of sma negeri 1kubutambahan. E-Journal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia. Retrieved from

Koehler, M., Mishra, P. (2008). Introducing TPCK. In AACTE Committee on Innovation and Technology (Ed.), The handbook of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) for educators (pp. 3-29). New York: Routledge

Mota, R., & Scott, D. (2014). Education for innovation and independent learning. Oxford: Elsevier Inc

Ozdamli, F., & Ozdal, H. (2018). Developing an instructional design for the design of infographics and the evaluation of infographic usage in teaching based on teacher and student opinions. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(4), 1197–1219.

Penciner, R. (2013). Does PowerPoint enhance learning? Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15(2), 109–112.

Petrova, K., Romanello, A., Medlin, B. D., & Vannoy, S. A. (2016). QR codes advantages and dangers. ICETE 2016 - Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications, 2(January), 112–115. Lisbon: Scitepress.

Putri, N. V. W., Munir, A., & Anam, S. (2021). Students ’ perceptions of teacher feedback in EFL English class and their self-regulated learning after receiving feedback. Journal on English as a Foreign Language. 11(1), 42–60.

Reyna, J. (2016). The importance of visual design. The Visual Imperative, January 2013, 153–175.

Richey, R. C., & Klein, J. D. (2005). Developmental research methods: creating knowledge from instructional design and development practice. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 16(2), 23–38.

Simbolon, N. E. (2021). EFL students’ perceptions of blended learning in English language course: learning experience and engagement. Journal on English as a Foreign Language, 11(1), 115–129.

Suparsa, I. N., Mantra, I. B. N., & Widiastuti, I. A. M. S. (2017). Developing learning methods of Indonesian as a foreign language. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH), 1(2), 51-57.

Tegeh, I. M., & Kirna, I. M. (2013). Pengembangan bahan ajar metode penelitian pendidikan dengan ADDIE model [Development of teaching materials for educational research methods using the ADDIE model]. Jurnal Pendidikan, 11(1), 12-26.

Uzun, A. M., & Kilis, S. (2019). Impressions of pre-service teachers about use of powerPoint slides by their instructors and its effects on their learning. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research.

Yana, D. (2018). The usage of Schoology and Canvas as media based blended learning. Anglo-Saxon, 9(1), 82–91. Retrieved from

Yildirim, S., Çelik, E., Yildirim, G., & Kaban, A. (2016). A study on the development of an infographic reader questionnaire and reader opinions. SHS Web of Conferences, 31, 01009.

Žydžiūnaitė, V., Teresevičienė, M., & Gedvilienė, G. (2015). The structure of independent learning in higher education: students’ attitude. Society, Integration, Education. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 1(April 2017), 336. Latvia: Rezekne Academy of Technologies



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 THE AUTHOR(S)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal on English as a Foreign Language is published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya in collaboration with the Association of Teachers of English Linguistics, Literature and Education (ELITE Association) in Indonesia [MoU manuscript].

Editor and Administration Address:

Department of English Language EducationFaculty of Teacher Training and Education, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya, Jalan G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email:, Website:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

stats View My Stats

Flag Counter