Exploring the students’ perceptions of the integration of web-based and non-web-based ICT in ELT at the vocational high school in Indonesia

Vina Kurnia Dewi, Putu Dian Danayanti Degeng, Khairil Azwar Razali


Numerous scholarly investigations have been conducted on students' perceptions of integrating information and communication technology (ICT) in English language teaching (ELT). However, existing research lacks specific exploration of students' perceptions regarding web-based and non-web-based ICT in vocational high schools across perspectives of understanding, ease of learning, and learning challenges. Therefore, this study aims to investigate students' perceptions of ICT integration in ELT, specifically examining web-based and non-web-based ICT across perspectives of understanding, ease of learning, and learning challenges. The research method used was a case study. The research involved six students of the two departments (Engineering and Management) at a vocational high school in Malang, Indonesia, as the participants. Data were collected through interviews and analyzed thematically. Results indicate that, based on perspectives of understanding and ease of learning, students exhibit positive attitudes towards integrating ICT, particularly web-based tools like Canva, Quizizz, and Wordwall, alongside non-web-based tools such as LCD and tablet, citing enhanced learning processes. Conversely, in the perspective of learning challenges, challenges like poor internet connectivity for web-based ICT and operational issues for non-web-based tools persist. This study emphasizes the importance of a balanced approach to ICT integration to meet diverse learning needs.


case study; English language teaching (ELT); ICT integration in ELT; non-web-based ICT; students’ perceptions; vocational high school; web-based ICT

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Editor and Administration Address:

Department of English Language EducationFaculty of Teacher Training and Education, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya, Jalan G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: [email protected], Website: http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl

OAI address of JEFL is available at http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/jefl/oai

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