The Dynamics of Islamic Jurisprudence in The Eyes of Contemporary Muslims

Meirison Meirison, Desmadi Saharuddin, Husnul Fatarib

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The emergence of sects and their diversity in Islam is caused by the differences in thought and visions of those who follow these sects. When the differences between the followers of these sects is limited to a mere difference of views on this or jurisprudential issue, it is a disagreement or an acceptable difference. Because there is more than one opinion on one jurisprudential issue, so whoever works with this opinion on the issue, his action is permissible. And, whoever works on the same issue with another thought, his movement is also acceptable, and this is from the capacity of Islam and its mercy to the nation. By examining several books related to the views of the ulama on the schools of thought, it has opened the way for us to verify. The article carried out a descriptive analysis approach and a comparative study of the opinions of scholars in different schools of thought and the fatwas issued by our official fatwa institutions. The article find the fanaticism of the sects is one of the causes of the nation's weakness. So, its unity was torn, and its humiliation intensified for the people. And that, they agree on what they agreed upon of the fixed principles, although various problems arise from time to time.  

Keywords: Islamic Jurisprudence; Madhab; and Muslim Scholars;

ABSTRAK

Munculnya mazhab fikih keragamannya dalam Islam disebabkan oleh perbedaan pemikiran dan pandangan dari mereka yang menganut mazhab-mazhab tersebut. Ketika perbedaan antara penganut mazhab ini terbatas pada perbedaan pandangan tentang masalah fikih ini atau itu, itu adalah perbedaan pemahaman dalil atau perbedaan pemikiran dapat diterima; Karena ada lebih dari satu pendapat dalam satu masalah fikih, maka siapa pun yang mengamalkan pendapat ini dalam masalah tertuntu, tindakannya diperbolehkan, dan siapa pun yang mengerjakan masalah yang sama dengan pemikiran lain, amalannya juga diterima, sesuai dengan  kapasitas keilmuan yang  ada, Islam dan rahmatnya bagi bangsa. Dengan menelaah beberapa kitab yang berkaitan dengan pandangan ulama tentang mazhab, telah membuka jalan bagi kita untuk memverifikasi. Kami melakukan pendekatan analisis deskriptif dan studi komparatif pendapat ulama di berbagai aliran pemikiran dan fatwa yang dikeluarkan oleh lembaga fatwa resmi kami. Kami menemukan Fanatisme sekte adalah salah satu penyebab kelemahan bangsa, sehingga persatuannya terkoyak, dan penghinaannya meningkat untuk rakyat. Dan bahwa mereka menyetujui apa yang mereka sepakati tentang prinsip-prinsip tetap yang tidak berubah walaupun berbagai macam persoalan datang dari masa ke masa.

Kata Kunci: Fikih; Mazhab; dan Ulama Kontemporer;


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23971/elma.v12i1.3939

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Copyright (c) 2022 Meirison Meirison, Desmadi Saharuddin, Husnul Fatarib

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El-Mashlahah is published by Fakultas Syariah IAIN Palangka Raya in collaboration with the Asosiasi Dosen Hukum Keluarga Islam (ADHKIIndonesia  [MoU manuscript].

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