Kritik atas Konsep Modernitas Adonis serta Pembacaannya terhadap Gerak Sejarah Islam

Dzulfikar Akbar Romadlon, Abdul Kadir Riyadi, Istikomah Istikomah

Abstract


This article aims to critically analyze Adonis’ thoughts on modernity and his reading of the Arab-Islamic historical movement. This is qualitative research with a library research approach. The methods used include descriptive analysis to analyze and explain Adonis’ thoughts, internal coherence to find continuity between the concept of modernity and his reading of Arab and Islamic history, and criticism to study objects, analyze them, look for weaknesses, and comment on them. The author concludes that there are logical problems in Adonis’ thinking about modernity, which then this concept becomes his perspective in reading Islamic history. Adonis’ concept of modernity requires humans to be free, free from their ideology and religion, even though no human being is capable of being separated from the ideology and beliefs they hold. This concept of modernity influences Adonis’ methodology in reading Arab-Islamic historical movements with the assumptions of at-thabit or fixed and al-mutahawil or changing. His premise is very problematic because he considers all thoughts derived from the Qur’an and Hadith as static and decline, while those that contradict the Qur’an and Hadith are referred to as symbols of modernity and progress. Adonis is unable to explain which parts of Islamic teachings or beliefs must change and which must remain, so that all thoughts, both initiated by groups and individuals that contradict the text, are called modern and progressive, while those that correspond to the text are called static and decline. This shows that Adonis does not understand Islamic teachings and their historical fact; in fact, the progress of Islam in the past occurred because Muslims united and adhered to their religion.

Keywords: Adonis; Modernity; Islamic History


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23971/njppi.v6i1.3712

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