Pluralisme Berbasis Tauhid di Indonesia: Studi Analisis Terhadap Pemikiran Nurcholish Madjid

Feryani Umi Rosidah, Ali Mursyid Azisi, Kunawi Basyir

Abstract


This article specifically analyzes monotheism-based pluralism in Indonesia from the perspective of Nurcholish Madjid. Often, in reality, religion does not exist as a unifying tool for its people, but instead creates divisions. Both the internal and external divisions of the ummah due to the differences they have caused, for example the burning of places of worship, injuries, loss of life, both material and immaterial losses, etc. Monotheistic-based pluralism is relevant in Indonesia, especially in promoting tolerance, peace and understanding between religions. Regarding pluralism, it is not enough if their understanding is limited to the discourses that are on the air. The implementation of attitudes and behavior lies in the adherents of each community (religion), who have been given an understanding by each of the religious leaders they adhere to. The research method in this article uses descriptive qualitative analysis, and data collection uses library research steps. The primary source of data is taken from Nurcholish Madjid's thoughts in the form of his book, and the primary source comes from scientific journals that are relevant to this study. In the results of this study, that Tawhid is interpreted as the Oneness of God which has implications for accepting awareness of human equality and dignity in their position as God's creatures. Humans look only to God, and to fellow human beings as a series of equals. That is, the divine principle will give birth to an understanding of human equality. In other words, the concept promoted by Nurcholish Madjid is that all humans in terms of basic dignity and worth are the same. None of our fellow human beings has the right to undermine or dominate the dignity and value of another human being. According to him, differences are God's provisions which have implications for the teachings of monotheism itself. This article adds to the body of knowledge, especially in the study of pluralism and the field of study of religions.

Keywords :Pluralism;Tauhid; Nurcholish Madjid;Indonesia


Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 314 times | PDF view : 347 times

References


Afif, Mohamad. 2007. ‘Menggugat Pluralisme Barat, Mengagas Pluralisme Syariat’. ALQALAM 24 (1): 87. https://doi.org/10.32678/alqalam.v24i1.1657.

Anisa, Salwah. 2023. ‘Dakwah Di Tengah Pluralitas Agama Dan Masyarakat’. https://osf.io.

Apriliana. 2012. ‘Pluralisme Agama dalam Pandangan Nurcholish Madjid’. UIN Sumatera Utara.

Asripa, Devy Habibi Muhammad, and Ari Susandi. 2021. ‘Pluralisme Dalam Perspektif Pemikiran Gus Dur Dan Nurcholish Majid’. FALASIFA : Jurnal Studi Keislaman 12 (02): 75–90. https://doi.org/10.36835/falasifa.v12i02.555.

Atmaja, Anja Kusuma. 2020. ‘Pluralisme Nurcholis Madjid dan Relevansinya terhadap Problem Dakwah Kontemporer’. Jurnal Dakwah Risalah 31 (1): 107. https://doi.org/10.24014/jdr.v31i1.9441.

Busyro, Aditiya Hari Ananda, dan Tarihoran Sanur Adlan. 2019. ‘Moderasi Islam (Wasathiyyah) Di Tengah Pluralisme Agama Indonesia’. FUADUNA : Jurnal Kajian Keagamaan Dan Kemasyarakatan 3 (1): 1. https://doi.org/10.30983/fuaduna.v3i1.1152.

Dzakie, Fatonah. 2014. ‘Meluruskan Pemahaman Pluralisme Dan Pluralisme Agama Di Indonesia’. Al-Asyan: Jurnal Studi Agama, 9 (1). https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsla.v9i1.1408.

Efendi, Irfan. 2018. ‘Pluralisme dalam Pendidikan Islam: Studi Pemikiran Prof. Dr. Nurcholis Madjid’. Progresiva : Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Pendidikan Islam 7 (2): 114. https://doi.org/10.22219/progresiva.v7i2.13976.

Hanik, Umi. 2014. ‘Pluralisme Agama di Indonesia’. Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman 25 (1). https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v25i1.154.

Hermawati, Rina, Caroline Paskarina, and Nunung Runiawati. 2017. ‘Toleransi Antar Umat Beragama Di Kota Bandung’. Umbara 1 (2). https://doi.org/10.24198/umbara.v1i2.10341.

Hitami, Munzir. 2021. ‘Nilai-Nilai Pluralisme dalam Tafsir Nusantara’. Nusantara; Journal for Southeast Asian Islamic Studies 17 (1): 8. https://doi.org/10.24014/nusantara.v17i1.13826.

Abubakar HM, Mualimin, and Nurliana. 2018. ‘Elit Agama Dan Harmonisasi Sosial Di Palangkaraya’. Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Humaniora 16 (2): 277–96. https://doi.org/10.18592/khazanah.v16i2.2337.

Ida, Rachma, Laurentius Dyson. 2017. ‘Konflik Sunni-Syiah Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Komunitas Intra-Religius Pada Komunitas Di Sampang-Madura’. Jurnal Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 2017, 28 (1). http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/119205.

Janah, Nasitotul. 2017. ‘Nurcholish Madjid Dan Pemikirannya (Diantara Kontribusi Dan Kontroversi)’. Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam 12 (1): 44–63. https://doi.org/10.31603/cakrawala.v12i1.1655.

Jayana, Thoriq Aziz, and Siswanto Siswanto. 2022. ‘Penjabaran Nilai-Nilai Pluralisme Perspektif Nurcholish Madjid Dalam Konteks Pendidikan Islam Multikultural’. Tarbawiyah : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan 6 (1): 1. https://doi.org/10.32332/tarbawiyah.v6i1.4864.

Latifah, Zuhrotul. 2018. ‘Konflik Umat Islam Dan Kristen Di Desa Cikawungading, Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat Pada Tahun 1999 Sampai Tahun 2006’. UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta.

Ma’arif, Ahmad Syafi’i, dkk,. 2012. Politik Identitas Dan Masa Depan Pluralisme Kita. Jakarta: Democracy Project.

Madjid, Nurcholish. 1992a. Islam, Doktrin Dan Peradaban: Sebuah Telaah Kritis Tentang Masalah Keimanan, Kemanusiaan Dan Kemoderan. Jakarta: Yayasan Wakaf Paramadina.

———. 1992b. Islam Kemodernan Dan Keindonesiaan. Bandung : Mizan.

———. 1995a. Islam Agama Kemanusiaan : Membangun Tradisi Dan Visi Baru Islam Indonesia. Jakrata, Paramadina.

———. 1995b. ‘Pluralisme Agama Di Indonesia’. Ulumul Qur’an VI (3).

———. 1999. Islam Agama Peradaban (Cetakan Ke I),. Jakarta : Paramadina.

———. 2004. Fiqh Lintas Agama. Jakarta: Paramadina.

———. 2007. Islam Universal. Pustaka Pelajar.

———. 2008. Islam, Doktrin Dan Peradaban. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Malik, Dedy Djamaluddin dan Idi Subandy Ibrahim. n.d. Zaman Baru Islam Indonesia: Pemikiran Dan Aksi Politik Abdurrahman Wahid, M. Amin Rais, Nurcholish Madjid, Jalaluddin Rakhmat. Bandung: Zaman Wacana Mulia.

Moko, Catur Widiat. 2017. ‘Pluralisme Agama menurut Nurcholis Madjid (1939-2005) dalam Konteks Keindonesiaan’. Medina-Te : Jurnal Studi Islam 13 (1): 61–78. https://doi.org/10.19109/medinate.v13i1.1542.

Moleong, Lexy J. 2017. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya,.

Mu’ti, Abdul. 2014. ‘Pluralisme Agama Di Indonesia (Studi Komparasi Pemikiran Abdurrahman Wahid Dan Nurcholis Madjid)’. UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta.

Nadroh, Siti. 1999. Wacana Keagamaan Dan Politik Nurcholish Madjid. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Rachman, Budhy Munawar. 2006. Ensiklopedi Nurcholis Madjid. Jakarta: Mizan, 2006.

Rahmat, Ihsan, Indra Pratama Putra Salmon, and Amrih Setyo Raharjo. 2021. ‘Can Deliberative Policy Reconcile Religious Conflict? A Construction from the Insight of Jamaah Ahmadiyah Indonesia’. NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban Dan Pemikiran Islam 5 (1): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.23971/njppi.v5i1.2445.

Rosida, Kholifatur Rosida, Rimanda Maulivina Maulivina, and Siti Hajar Mab’ruro. 2021. ‘Interpretasi Konsep Pluralisme Pendidikan Islam Perspektif Nurcholish Madjid’. JURNAL PENELITIAN KEISLAMAN 17 (1): 87–98. https://doi.org/10.20414/jpk.v17i1.2964.

Rozi, Fahrul. 2020. ‘Hakikat Pluralisme Di Indonesia Perspektif Nurcholis Madjid’. JURNAL YAQZHAN: Analisis Filsafat, Agama Dan Kemanusiaan 6 (1): 111. https://doi.org/10.24235/jy.v6i1.6157.

Saihu, Made. 2019. Merawat Pluralisme, Merawat Indonesia: Potret Pendidikan Pluralisme Agama Di Jembrana-Bali,. Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama.

Saryono, dan Mekar Dwi Anggraeni. 2013. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Dan Kuantitatif Dalam Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta : Nuha Medika,.

Setiawan, Johan. 2019. ‘Pemikiran Nurcholish Madjid Tentang Pluralisme Agama Dalam Konteks Keindonesiaan’. Zawiyah: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 5 (1). https://dx.doi.org/10.31332/zjpi.v5i1.1335.

Sofyan, Ahmad A. dan M. Roychan Madjid. 2003. Gagasan Cak Nur Tentang Negara Islam. Yogyakarta: Titian Ilahi, 2003.

Sugiyono. 2019. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Dan R&K. Bandung: ALFABETA,.

Sumbulah, Umi dan Nurjannah. 2013. Pluralisme Agama: Makna Dan Lokalitas Pola Kerukunan Antar Umat Beragama. Malang: UIN Maliki Press,.

Susanto, Edi. 2017. ‘Multikulturalisme Pendidikan Agama Islam (Telaah Atas Pemikiran Nurcholis Madjid)’. Jurnal Tadris 2 (2). https://doi.org/10.19105/tjpi.v2i2.214.

Syukron, Mokhamad. 2012. ‘Dialektika Penafsiran Ayat Pluralisme Agama Nurcholis Madjid Dan Muhammad Mutawalli Al-Sya’raw’. Jurnal El-Hamra: Kependidikan Dan Kemasyarakatan, 7 (1).

Yanuardanah, dan Mualimin. 2020. ‘Elit Agama Dan Perdamaian: Pertemuan Imam Besar Al-Azhar Dan Paus Fransiskus Dalam Konstruksi Media’. Hikmah 14 (2): 217–30. https://doi.org/10.24952/hik.v14i2.2718.

Yunus, Firdaus M. 2014. ‘Agama dan Pluralisme’. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura 13 (2): 213. https://doi.org/10.22373/jiif.v13i2.72.

Zainuddin, M. 2010. Pluralimse Agama: Pergulatan Dialogis Islam-Kristen Di Indonesia. Malang: UIN-Maliki Press.

———. 2013. Pluralisme Agama Dalam Analisis Kontruksi Sosial. Malang: UIN Maliki Press,.

Zuhriyah, Luluk Fikri. 2012. ‘Dakwah Inklusif Nurcholish Madjid’. Jurnal Komunikasi Islam, 2 (2). https://doi.org/10.15642/jki.2012.2.2.218-242.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23971/njppi.v7i1.6334

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban dan Pemikiran Islam

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 4.0 Internasional.
 

Editor and Administration Address

NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban dan Pemikiran Islam
Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Dakwah IAIN Palangka Raya
Jl. G. Obos (Kompleks Islamic Center) No. 24, Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia

Phone: (0536) 3226356
Website: http://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/nalar/
Email: [email protected], [email protected][email protected]

 

Flag Counter