Sejarah Islam Indonesia dalam Perspektif Hamka

Jacky Zakaria, Muhammad Irfan Wahid

Abstract


This paper explores the history of Indonesian Islam from Hamka’s perspective, especially regarding the history of the entry of Islam in Indonesia in general and the history of the entry of Islam in West Sumatra in particular, as well as the contribution of Hamka’s thoughts to the historiography of Indonesian Islam. Hamka, who is more famous as a scholar and writer, is also a historian. Hamka produces historical works on the history of Indonesian Islam. Moreover, Hamka’s knowledge on history is self-taught by reading history books. The author uses data sources consisting of primary sources and secondary sources obtained through library research. The historical methods used are heuristics (data collection), verification (source criticism), interpretation (data interpretation), and historiography (history writing). The article concludes that Hamka’s thoughts on the history of Indonesian Islam are illustrated by his theory regarding the history of the entry of Islam in Indonesia which is called the Mecca theory. Islam that existed in the archipelago in the 7th century spread to several areas in West Sumatra such as Ulakan, Pariaman, Minangkabau, and so on. Islam easily adapts to local culture and even becomes part of existing customs.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1281 times | PDF view : 2718 times PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) view : 3680 times

References


Abdurrahman, Dudung. Metodologi Penelitian Sejarah Islam. Yogyakarta: Ombak. 2011.

Aljunied, Khairudin. Hamka and Islam: Cosmopolitan Reform in the Malay World. Cornell University Press 2018.

Almascaty, Hilmy Bakar. “Relasi Persia dan Nusantara Pada Awal Islamisasi: Sebuah Kajian Awal Pengaruh Persia dalam Politik Aceh”. Media Syariah. Vol. XV No.1. 2013.

Azra, Azyumardi. Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVIII: Melacak Akar-Akar Pembaruan Pemikiran Islam Di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan. 1998.

_______. Renaisans Islam Asia Tenggara (Sejarah Wacana dan Kekuasaan). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 1999.

Bachtiar, Tiar Anwar. “Islamisasi Penulisan Sejarah: Survey Gagasan Hamka, Syed Naquib Al-Attas, dan Ahmad Mansur Suryanegara”. JUSPI, Vol. 2 No. 2. 2018.

Baiti, Rosita. “Teori dan Proses Islamisasi Indonesia”. Wardah, No. XXVIII/ Th. XV. 2014.

Ghofur, Abd. “Telaah Kritis dan Masuk dan Berkembangya Islam di Nusantara”. Jurnal Ushuluddin. Vol. XVII No.2. 2011.

Hamka. Ayahku: Riwayat Hidup Dr. H. Abdul Karim Amrullah dan Perjuangan Kaum Agama di Sumatra. Cet IV. Jakarta: Umminda. 1982.

_______. Islam Dan Adat Minangkabau. Cet 1. Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas. 1984.

_______. Sejarah Umat Islam. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional Pte Ltd. 2002.

_______Antara Fakta dan Khayal Tuanku Rao. Jakarta: Republika. 2018.

Laffan, Michael. Sejarah Islam di Nusantara, terj.: Indi Aunullah & Rini Nurul Badariah. Yogyakarta: Bentang Pustaka. 2015.

_______. “Straight from Mecca: Medan, Hamka, and the Coming of Islam to Indonesia” dalam Gyan Prakash, Michael Laffan, dan Nikhil Menon. (eds.). The Postcolonial Moment in South and Southeast Asia. hlm. 278-283. York Baru & London: Bloomsbury Academic. 2018.

Muhammad, Henry. Tokoh-Tokoh Islam yang Berpengarug Abad 20. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press. 2006.

Murodi. Melacak Asal-Usul Gerakan Paderi di Sumatera Barat. Cet.1. Ciputat: Logos Wacana Ilmu. 1999.

Rush, James R. Adicerita Hamka: Visi Islam Sang Penulis Besar untuk Indonesia Modern. terj.: Zia Anshor. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 2017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23971/js.v1i2.2497

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Syams



Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 4.0 Internasional.

Editor and Administration Address

SYAMS: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman
Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Dakwah IAIN Palangka Raya
Jl. G. Obos (Kompleks Islamic Center) No. 24, Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia

Phone: (0536) 3226356
Website: https://e-journal.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/syams
Email: [email protected][email protected]